Construction of the magnificent temple complex of Abu Simbel was completed in 1244 BC Great temple at Abu Simbel, which is one of the most outstanding monuments of ancient Egyptian culture, was erected in honor of the king Ramses II, while the small temple dedicated to the first woman king - queen Nefertari.
The facade of the temple complex is decorated with huge statues of Ramses twenty meters II, which are symbols of Egypt, along with the pyramids and the Sphinx. Figures depicting the pharaoh Ramses, are portraits. Startling as masters managed to carve at this scale on a solid sandstone statue of the king, considering the smallest details and accuracy while maintaining the aspect ratio.
Upon entering the temple, visitors are immersed in darkness hall where you can see the column with the image of Osiris. It is noteworthy that the facial features of the king of the underworld are similar to the appearance of Ramses II. Particular attention should be paid to the walls and ceiling of the temple, mural on which are the best examples of ancient Egyptian art. Impress with its grandeur of the temple reliefs on the life and military exploits of Ramses II. A separate series of dynamic and expressive paintings dedicated to the war with the Hittites Pharaoh. The authors were famous Theban relief sculptures, including such names as Panefer, Piai and Heavy.
Small church built in honor of Nefertati, located near the temple of Ramses II. He looks, of course, much more modest, but still Nefertari - the first one to be awarded depicted on the facade of the temple. Prior to that, none of the wife of Pharaoh did not receive such an honor.
At the moment, the temple at Abu Simbel is one of the best studied monuments. The temple was at the construction site of the Aswan hydroelectric dam. Of course, the initial task was to save the world-famous monument, and were offered a variety of projects, including the construction of a glass dome over the building of the temple. But still decided to move the monument. Temple of Ramses II was cut into blocks of 30 tons, and then reassembled at 65 meters above the previous place. The process of transfer of the temple of Ramses II is one of the largest engineering and archaeological operations in history.