Monday, February 23, 2015

Spilberk Castle

Spilberk Castle in Brno (Czech Republic)

Spilberk - it's an old castle, which is located on a hilltop in the Czech city of Brno (south Moravia). It is believed that the first stone fortress was built in the first half of the XIII century, one of the kings of the dynasty Premyslid, and construction was completed by his successor, King of Bohemia Otakar II. If you are planning a budget trip to the Czech Republic, have a look at - there are sure to find a suitable alternative.

In the XIII century the castle was the main royal residence, and in the middle of the XIV century, it became a place of meeting moraviyskih Margraves. But the further fate as most other medieval fortresses, was not so rosy: Spilberk castle turned into a huge fortress in the Baroque style, which, after a few centuries, will go down in history as one of the most famous prisons in the history of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Later the castle Spilberk served as military barracks, and today it is a popular tourist attraction and part-time Czech national treasure.

In 1620, after losing the Battle of the White Mountain on November 8, the main opponents of the Habsburgs were imprisoned in the castle Spilberk for several years. It is worth noting that Protestants were prisoners of the castle, and they were followed by other dissidents, including the uprising of 1848-49, but also in the fortress served his term as hardened criminals and petty crooks.

The last group of political prisoners, among whom there were about two hundred Polish revolutionaries, went to prison Spilberk in 1846. In 1855, the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef dismissed the prisoners, after which he ordered the castle Spilberk were organized military barracks, which remained in the castle for nearly a century.

In 1960 the castle was opened Spilberk Brno City Museum.